By definition, same-sex marriage is marriage between two people of the same sex.
Same-sex unions have been recorded in the history of a number of cultures. However, marriages, or socially-accepted unions, between partners of the same sex have always struggled to be recognised.
In the United States, for example, only 30 states allow marriage for same-sex couples, while the rest of them have a constitutional or statutory ban.
Edit: As of 26/06/2015, same-sex marriage is legal across the whole of the United States! WOOHOO!
In Europe, same-sex marriage is legally recognised nationwide in the Netherlands (since 2001), Belgium (2003), Spain (2005), France (2013). In particular, the Netherlands was the first country to extend marriage laws to include same-sex couples, while Spain was the third country in the entire world to legalize those unions.
In the UK a law on same-sex unions took effect only in 2014, with the first same-sex weddings occurring for those converting their civil partnerships into marriage. Before, it was only possible to enter into civil parterships, a separate union providing the legal consequences of marriage. However with the law still being fairly recent finding a venue can be tricky, get Weddy's help if that is the case for you.
Italy does not recognize any type of same-sex unions, despite a long history of legislative proposals for civil unions and although many cities began recognising same-sex marriages from other jurisdictions in 2014.
In Nigeria, homosexual activity between men, but not between women, is deemed to be illegal.
Almost all states that allow same-sex marriages also allow the joint adoption of children, with the only exception of Portugal.
Some people claim that gay marriages violate tradition. But what’s tradition, after all? Expanding human rights have also always shattered tradition, but it’s always been for the best. They say gay people can’t produce children, so they should not adopt them either, "because it would not be natural". Marriage is a reflection of the biological necessity of procreation, but that’s not all marriage is about. Marriage does not impose fertility requirements, but allows people to have children if they want to. So why gay couples shouldn’t have children?
Having a mother and a father is more normal for children than having two mothers or two fathers. Really? And how about those children whose parents get divorced and get married again? Is having an enlarged family more normal than having gay parents who love each other?
Same-sex unions have always been at the centre of a heated debate and it is hard to come to a fair conclusion. Improvements have been made thorughout the years, but I believe that, when we come to civil rights, we still have a long way to go.
Are you planning a same-sex marriage? If so The Gay Groom might help, he's certainly our go-to guru!